From Academic Kids

Borough of Thurrock
Status:Unitary, Borough
Region:East of England
Ceremonial County:Essex
- Total
Ranked 203rd
163.38 km²
Admin. HQ:Grays
ONS code:00KG
- Total (2003 est.)
- Density
Ranked 112th
889 / km²
Ethnicity:95.3% White
2.0% S.Asian
1.2% Afro-Carib.
Arms of Thurrock Council
Thurrock Council
Leadership:Leader & Cabinet
MPs:Andrew Mackinlay, Angela Smith

Thurrock is a unitary authority in England. It lies on the River Thames just to the east of London. With over 18 miles (29 km) of riverfront it covers an area of 64 square miles (166 km²), with more than half defined as Green Belt. With Greater London to the west and the river to the south, the County of Essex abuts the Borough to the north and east, and across the river lies Kent.

The county used to be a district within Essex but was given administrative independence on April 1, 1998 by The Essex (Boroughs of Colchester, Southend-on-Sea and Thurrock and District of Tendring) (Structural, Boundary and Electoral Changes) Order 1996. It remains part of Essex for ceremonial purposes such as Lord-Lieutenancy.

With a population of about 135,000 people living in 58,000 homes, Thurrock has a wide ranging and diverse economy. Much of the population and commercial activity is centred along the riverfront. This includes many large and important industrial sites, including two large oil refineries and manufacturing industries, Thurrock is also home to the Lakeside Shopping Centre. With over 300 shops under one roof, this is one of the largest retail centres in Europe.

Despite so much of the borough being protected Green Belt land, Thurrock provides localised opportunities for further industrial and commercial development. The borough forms part of the Thames Gateway regeneration area, a corridor of opportunity that has been identified by central government as the area with greatest development and commercial potential in the country.

Being both on the river and right next to London, Thurrock is served with good communication links. The M25 London Orbital Motorway, the local railway line providing direct access to Central London and, before long, Stratford International Station, the Port of Tilbury and the nearby London City Airport make Thurrock an important international trade centre. There is a grass airstrip south of Bulphan village. A ferry for passengers on foot connects Tilbury with Gravesend on the southern bank of the River Thames.

The borough has a number of settlements including:


Statistical overview of Thurrock

Size of Thurrock 165.7 km² (64 miles²)
Riverside frontage 30 kilometres (18 miles)
Size of population 1991 Census - 127,819
1998 estimate - 134,962
Total households 49,111
Main town Grays (population 1991 - 36,181)
Industrial Land availability 2 km²
Extent of Green Belt coverage 60% of Borough
Conservation areas 7
Listed buildings 239
Sites of Special Scientific Interest 10


Mammoths once grazed in the Thurrock area, and archaeologists recently unearthed the remains of a jungle cat. Man has been in the area since prehistoric times, and the land has been farmed by the Romans and Anglo-Saxons. The area's wealth in the 1400s is shown in the splendid wool market at Horndon. Tilbury's position meant it was important in the defence of London, and Henry VIII built two forts there following the end of his marriage to Catherine of Aragon. Later, Elizabeth I addressed her troops there as the Spanish Armada sailed up the English Channel. The importance of the forts continued through Napoleonic times and into the two world wars. Thurrock includes the Bata village, built for workers of the shoe company in 1933. Eight homes and the factory are listed.


There are two multiplex cinemas attached to the Lakeside Shopping Centre, and the Thameside Theatre in Grays. Live shows are held at the Circus Tavern in Purfleet. Open space includes Langdon Hills Country Park and Grove House Wood, managed by Essex Wildlife Trust. Museums and historic buildings include Coalhouse Fort at Tilbury, Purfleet Heritage and Military Centre, Thurrock Museum and Walton Hall Farm Museum. St Clement's Church at West Thurrock was used in the making of the film Four Weddings and a Funeral.

External links

Districts of England - East of England Flag of England

Babergh | Basildon | Bedford | Braintree | Breckland | Brentwood | Broadland | Broxbourne | Cambridge | Castle Point | Chelmsford | Colchester | Dacorum | East Cambridgeshire | East Hertfordshire | Epping Forest | Fenland | Forest Heath | Great Yarmouth | Harlow | Hertsmere | Huntingdonshire | Ipswich | King's Lynn and West Norfolk | Luton | Maldon | Mid Bedfordshire | Mid Suffolk | North Hertfordshire | North Norfolk | Norwich | Peterborough | Rochford | St Albans | St Edmundsbury | South Bedfordshire | South Cambridgeshire | Southend-on-Sea | South Norfolk | Stevenage | Suffolk Coastal | Tendring | Three Rivers | Thurrock | Uttlesford | Watford | Waveney | Welwyn Hatfield

Administrative counties with multiple districts: Bedfordshire - Cambridgeshire - Essex - Hertfordshire - Norfolk - Suffolk


eo:Thurrock no:Thurrock


Academic Kids Menu

  • Art and Cultures
    • Art (
    • Architecture (
    • Cultures (
    • Music (
    • Musical Instruments (
  • Biographies (
  • Clipart (
  • Geography (
    • Countries of the World (
    • Maps (
    • Flags (
    • Continents (
  • History (
    • Ancient Civilizations (
    • Industrial Revolution (
    • Middle Ages (
    • Prehistory (
    • Renaissance (
    • Timelines (
    • United States (
    • Wars (
    • World History (
  • Human Body (
  • Mathematics (
  • Reference (
  • Science (
    • Animals (
    • Aviation (
    • Dinosaurs (
    • Earth (
    • Inventions (
    • Physical Science (
    • Plants (
    • Scientists (
  • Social Studies (
    • Anthropology (
    • Economics (
    • Government (
    • Religion (
    • Holidays (
  • Space and Astronomy
    • Solar System (
    • Planets (
  • Sports (
  • Timelines (
  • Weather (
  • US States (


  • Home Page (
  • Contact Us (

  • Clip Art (
Personal tools