San Gabriel, California

From Academic Kids

San Gabriel is a city located in Los Angeles County, California. As of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 39,804.

Mission San Gabriel Arcangel, established in 1771, is the cradle of the San Gabriel Valley and one of many missions in California. It suffered from earthquake damage in the past, but it has undergone a major restoration process over the years. In the 1990s, plans to turn the area on Mission Road into a tourist attraction have largely failed.

Contents

History

The rich history of the City of San Gabriel dates back to 1771 with the founding of the Mission San Gabriel Arcangel, a California State historical landmark, and establishes San Gabriel as the birthplace of the Los Angeles region. The Mission San Gabriel Arcangel, "Pride of the California Missions," founded by Father Junipero Serra, is the fourth of twenty-one California Missions, and has long been a center for culture and art.

By 1852, after American occupation, San Gabriel became one of the first townships in the County of Los Angeles. When the 1860 census was taken, there were only 586 persons listed. The city was incorporated as a general law city on April 24, 1913 with a population of 1,500.

Geography

San Gabriel is located at 34°5'39" North, 118°5'54" West (34.094176, -118.098449)Template:GR.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 10.7 km² (4.1 mi²). 10.7 km² (4.1 mi²) of it is land and none of it is covered by water.

Demographics

As of the censusTemplate:GR of 2000, there are 39,804 people, 12,587 households, and 9,566 families residing in the city. The population density is 3,721.2/km² (9,639.3/mi²). There are 12,909 housing units at an average density of 1,206.8/km² (3,126.2/mi²). The racial makeup of the city is 33.40% White, 1.06% African American, 0.83% Native American, 48.91% Asian, 0.10% Pacific Islander, 12.36% from other races, and 3.34% from two or more races. 30.71% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There are 12,587 households out of which 35.7% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.1% are married couples living together, 15.2% have a female householder with no husband present, and 24.0% are non-families. 18.2% of all households are made up of individuals and 6.4% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 3.10 and the average family size is 3.52.

In the city the population is spread out with 23.5% under the age of 18, 8.6% from 18 to 24, 33.3% from 25 to 44, 21.1% from 45 to 64, and 13.4% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 36 years. For every 100 females there are 92.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 88.5 males.

The median income for a household in the city is $41,791, and the median income for a family is $45,287. Males have a median income of $31,642 versus $29,302 for females. The per capita income for the city is $16,807. 15.9% of the population and 12.5% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 21.4% of those under the age of 18 and 11.5% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.

Asian American Population

Asian Americans form a near-majority in the city's population. San Gabriel has a massive, diverse, and vibrant ethnic Chinese and Vietnamese American business district on Valley Boulevard, with three major Asian supermarkets, numerous mini-malls, and an endless row of small businesses. An eclectic mix of Taiwanese delis and boba tea cafes, Hong Kong cafes and seafood restaurants, Chinese noodle and dumpling restaurants, and Vietnamese pho restaurants and Banh Mi shops all lend to an unique commercial business district.

The largest Asian shopping center in the area is called San Gabriel Square, which was constructed in the early 1990s to Mediterranean-style architecture with 99 Ranch Market as the main business, and boasting an upscale department store, chick booteeks, jewelry shops, and a multitude of authentic Asian restaurants. The shopping center, called the San Gabiel Square, replaced a dying drive-in theater and the parking lot was built over a flood channel. The awe-inspiring shopping center - the center piece for new "Chinatown" of sorts - was part a result of the Proposition 13 from California, which lowered the property tax statewide and then had the effect on the losing of potential city revenue, and hence the development of this massive mall was approved. There are other large shopping centers nearby. Another active strip mall, containing San Gabriel Superstore and anchored by the Shun Fat Supermaket chain, is located a short drive to the east. The San Gabriel Superstore replaced Target in the early 90's.

External links

Template:Mapit-US-cityscale

Template:Cities of Los Angeles County, Californiade:San Gabriel

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