Realm of Sweden

From Academic Kids

The Realm of Sweden or Svenska väldet is a term that historically was used to comprise all the territories under the control of the Swedish monarchs.

Sweden greater arms
This article is part of the
History of Sweden series
Viking Age
Early History
Kalmar Union
Modern Sweden
A New Great Power
The Swedish Empire
The Great War
Absolute Monarchy
Union with Norway
World War II
Realm of Sweden
List of monarchs
List of wars

Lands of Sweden

Main article: Lands of Sweden

As the kingdom expanded to the east, Österland, present-day Finland, and Norrland were also made part of the kingdom in the 14th century. In the 17th century the kingdom expanded to the south, incorporating Terra Scania (Skåneland) and other territories.

Provinces of Sweden

Main article: Provinces of Sweden

The four Swedish lands were in turn divided into separate Provinces or Landskap, which were governed by their own laws under the rule of a Ting. The monarchs would gradually strengthen their authority at the expense of the provinces, and in the 15th century the provincial laws were replaced by a single law for the entire kingdom.

Counties of Sweden

Main article: Counties of Sweden

The Counties were established in 1634 to supersede the Provinces and to introduce a modern administration. The most significant change to the County system took place when Sweden was forced to cede the Finnish Counties to Russia in 1809. Despite this the County reform survived in Finland until 1997 and is still in force in Sweden today.

Dominions of Sweden

Main article: Dominions of Sweden

The Counties and Provinces represent territories that were fully integrated into the Swedish kingdom. Apart from this there also existed Dominions that were under Swedish rule, sometimes for centuries, that for various reasons weren't fully integrated.

Possesions of Sweden

Main article: Possessions of Sweden

The Swedish Crown also exercised control over various territories during shorter periods of time. These included time-limited fiefs, colonies and conquered territories under Swedish government.

Unions of Sweden

Main article: Unions of Sweden

Sweden has for political and dynastic reasons been in union with other kingdoms and princely states, ostensibly personal unions.

Structure of the Swedish Realm

CenturySwedish Realm
20th Sweden proper Finland Estonia Latvia Germany
19th GD of Finland Russia Prussia
18th Sweden proper Pomerania¹
17th Terra Scania Bahusia Sweden proper Estonia Livonia
16th Denmark-Norway Poland Pomerania
15th Kalmar Union Sword Brethren
14th Denmark
Sweden proper
Peoples Danes Norwegians Swedes Finns Estonians Livonians Germans

1/ German dominions also include Bremen-Verden, Wismar, etc. Claims to Wismar finally renounced in da Suécia


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