Hunedoara

From Academic Kids

Hunedoara (Hungarian: Vajdahunyad, German: Eisenmarkt) is a city in Hunedoara county, Transylvania, Romania.

The city of Hunedoara has the most important Gothic-style secular building in Romania: the castle, which is closely connnected with the Hunyadi family. The castle was originally a small royal citadel and was given to Vajk (Romanian: Voicu) by King Sigismund of Hungary in 1409. Vajk's son, John Hunyadi, began enlargement of the castle into a Gothic residence in 1446. The castle was damaged by fire many times, but underwent successive renovations in the late 19th and early 20th centuries by the architects Imre Steindl, Frigyes Schulek and István Möller.

Besides the Romanian population, there are also ethnic Hungarians and Germans living in Hunedoara. The city contains many green gardens and old trees flank the streets. The castle has been turned into a museum following recent reconstruction. A large dam with tourist facilities is located a few kilometres from the city, up in the mountains.

During the 20th century, Hunedoara increased its population to 86,000 inhabitants. The city used to contain the second largest steel works in Romania, but this has now closed down. However the economy of the city is now benefiting from new investment.

External links

Official sites

hu:Vajdahunyad ro:Hunedoara

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