Hercules (constellation)

From Academic Kids

Template:Infobox Constellation Hercules is the fifth largest of the 88 modern constellations. It was also one of Ptolemy's 48 constellations. It was named after the Roman name (Hercules) of the Greek mythological hero Herakles.

Contents

Notable features

It has no first magnitude stars. Mu Herculis is 27.4 light years from Earth.

Notable deep sky objects

Hercules contains two of the most conspicuous globular clusters: M13, the brightest globular cluster in the northern hemisphere, and M92.

Mythology

Hercules (Roman, Herakles in Greek mythology) was the demigod son of Zeus and Alcmene. He was, arguably, the greatest of the mythical Greek heroes, best known for his superhuman strength. Many stories are told of his life, including the story of The Twelve Labours.

However, such visualisation was much later, as some parts require quite faint stars to be included, including those which have Flamsteed numbers but not Bayer designations. Earlier views of the constellation held it to be various things, predominantly a stag. Together with the constellation Sagitta, and the association of this area of the sky (the Zodiac of Scorpio) with Artemis, this may be the origin of the myth of the Cerynian Hind, one of The Twelve Labours of Herakles.

Graphic visualization

Missing image
Hercules_constellation_map_visualization.PNG
Diagram of an alternate way to connect the stars of the Hercules constellation. The hero is shown in an athletic pose, holding a club.

The stars of the constellation Hercules can be connected in an alternative way, which graphically shows the hero in an athletic pose and holding a club.

The hero's head is traced by a quadrangle of stars: Pi Herculis, Eta Herculis, Zeta Herculis and Epsilon Herculis. This quadrangle lies between two very bright stars: Vega on the constellation Lyra and Gemma on the constellation Corona Borealis.

The hero's right leg contains two bright stars of the third magnitude: Alpha Herculis (a.k.a. Ras Algethi) and Delta Herculis (a.k.a. Sarin). Delta Herculis is the right knee.

The hero's left leg contains dimmer stars of the fourth magnitude which do not have Bayer designations but which do have Flamsteed numbers.

The star Beta Herculis belongs to the hero's outstretched right hand, and is also called Kornephoros.

The Globular Cluster M13 lies on the top of the hero's head, between the stars Eta Herculis and Zeta Herculis. It is dim, but may be detected by the unaided eye on a very clear night.

Stars

Stars with proper names:
  • Ras Algethi [Rasalgethi, Rasalegti] (64/α1 Her) + 64/α2 Her – double 2.78, 5.39
    رأس الجاثي ras al-jaθiyy Head of the kneeler
  • Marfik [Marfak, Mirfak, Marsik] (or Maasim, see λ Her) (7/κ Her) 5.0
    < مرفق marfaq, mirfaq elbow
  • Maasym [Masym, Misam] (76/λ Her) 4.41
    < معصم macşam wrist
  • Cujam [Kajam, Cujam, Caiam] (24/ω Her) 4.57
Stars with Bayer designations:
20/γ Her 3.74; 91/θ Her 3.86; 44/η Her 3.48; 85/ι Her 3.82; 86/μ Her 3.42; 94/ν Her 4.41; 92/ξ Her 3.70; 103/ο Her 3.84; 67/π Her 3.16; 75/ρ Her 4.52; 75/ρ Her 5.47; 35/σ Her 4.20; 22/τ Her 3.91; 6/υ Her 4.72; 1/χ Her 4.60; 11/φ Her 4.23; 99/b Her 5.05; c Her 5.41; 59/d Her 5.27; 69/e Her 4.64; 90/f Her 5.17; 30/g Her 4.83; 29/h Her 4.84; 43/i Her 5.15; 47/k Her 5.48; 45/l Her 5.22; 28/n Her 5.63; 21/o Her 5.83; q Her 6.09; 5/r Her 5.10; s Her 5.24; 107/t Her 5.12; 68/u Her 4.80; 72/w Her 5.38; 77/x Her 5.83; 82/y Her 5.35; 88/z Her 6.78; 104/A Her 4.96
Stars with Flamsteed designations:
2 Her 5.35; 4 Her 5.73; 8 Her 6.13; 9 Her 5.46; 10 Her 5.74; 13 Her 7.67; 14 Her 6.61 – has a planet; 16 Her 5.72; 19 Her 6.70; 23 Her 6.41; 25 Her 5.53; 31 Her 7.14; 32 Her 6.87; 34 Her 6.44; 36 Her 6.92; 37 Her 5.77; 39 Her 5.92; 41 Her 6.55; 42 Her 4.86; 48 Her 6.59; 49 Her 6.51; 50 Her 5.73; 51 Her 5.03; 52 Her 4.82; 53 Her 5.34; 54 Her 5.35; 56 Her 6.06; 57 Her 6.27; 60 Her 4.89; 61 Her 6.19; 63 Her 6.20; 70 Her 5.13; 73 Her 5.70; 74 Her 5.51; 78 Her 5.66; 79 Her 5.76; 83 Her 5.56; 84 Her 5.73; 87 Her 5.09; 89 Her 5.47; 93 Her 4.67; 95 Her – double 4.96, 5.18; 96 Her 5.25; 97 Her 6.22; 98 Her 4.96; 100 Her – double 5.79, 5.83; 101 Her 5.10; 102 Her 4.37; 105 Her 5.30; 106 Her 4.92; 108 Her 5.61; 109 Her 3.85; 110 Her 4.19; 111 Her 4.34; 112 Her 5.43; 113 Her – double 4.5, 4.57

Reference

  • H. A. Rey, The Stars — A New Way To See Them. Enlarged World-Wide Edition. Houghton Mifflin, Boston, 1997. ISBN 0-395-24830-2.

Template:ConstellationsListedByPtolemy Template:ConstellationList

External links

Template:Commons

es:Hrcules (constelacin) fr:Hercule (constellation) ko:헤르쿨레스자리 id:Hercules io:Herkulo it:Hercules (astronomia) nl:Hercules (sterrenbeeld) ja:ヘルクレス座 pl:Herkules (gwiazdozbir) pt:Hercules fi:Herkules (thdist) th:กลุ่มดาวเฮอร์คิวลีส

Navigation

Academic Kids Menu

  • Art and Cultures
    • Art (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Art)
    • Architecture (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Architecture)
    • Cultures (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Cultures)
    • Music (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Music)
    • Musical Instruments (http://academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/List_of_musical_instruments)
  • Biographies (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Biographies)
  • Clipart (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Clipart)
  • Geography (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Geography)
    • Countries of the World (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Countries)
    • Maps (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Maps)
    • Flags (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Flags)
    • Continents (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Continents)
  • History (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/History)
    • Ancient Civilizations (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Ancient_Civilizations)
    • Industrial Revolution (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Industrial_Revolution)
    • Middle Ages (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Middle_Ages)
    • Prehistory (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Prehistory)
    • Renaissance (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Renaissance)
    • Timelines (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Timelines)
    • United States (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/United_States)
    • Wars (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Wars)
    • World History (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/History_of_the_world)
  • Human Body (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Human_Body)
  • Mathematics (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Mathematics)
  • Reference (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Reference)
  • Science (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Science)
    • Animals (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Animals)
    • Aviation (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Aviation)
    • Dinosaurs (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Dinosaurs)
    • Earth (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Earth)
    • Inventions (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Inventions)
    • Physical Science (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Physical_Science)
    • Plants (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Plants)
    • Scientists (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Scientists)
  • Social Studies (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Social_Studies)
    • Anthropology (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Anthropology)
    • Economics (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Economics)
    • Government (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Government)
    • Religion (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Religion)
    • Holidays (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Holidays)
  • Space and Astronomy
    • Solar System (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Solar_System)
    • Planets (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Planets)
  • Sports (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Sports)
  • Timelines (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Timelines)
  • Weather (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Weather)
  • US States (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/US_States)

Information

  • Home Page (http://academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php)
  • Contact Us (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Contactus)

  • Clip Art (http://classroomclipart.com)
Toolbox
Personal tools