Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria

From Academic Kids

"Franz Ferdinand" links to here. For its other meanings see Franz Ferdinand (disambiguation).
Missing image
Archduke Franz Ferdinand (right) with his family.

His Imperial and Royal Highness Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria-Este (sometimes called Francis Ferdinand in English) (December 18, 1863June 28, 1914) was born in Graz, Austria and was a Habsburg Archduke of Austria and heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne. His assassination by Gavrilo Princip on June 28, 1914 in Sarajevo, Austrian-annexed Bosnia-Herzegovina, precipitated the Austrian declaration of war against Serbia which triggered World War I.

In 1875, Francis V, Duke of Modena died. This was an extinction of his grandfather's branch of the family in the male-line. Duke Francis had testamented most of his private property to Francis Ferdinand, upon certain conditions, one of which was the use of the Este name.

Franz Ferdinand was nephew of the Emperor Franz Josef I of Austria and next in line to the crown following the suicide of his cousin Crown Prince Rudolph at Mayerling (January 30, 1889) and the death of his father Karl Ludwig (May 19, 1896). His marriage (July 1, 1900) to (the relatively low-ranking) Countess Sophie Chotek was permitted only after the couple had agreed that the bride would not enjoy royal status and their children would have no claims to the throne. Franz Josef did not attend the wedding.

Upon the marriage, the Countess was made Her Serene Highness Frstin Sophie von Hohenberg, but in 1909 her title was raised to Her Highness Duchess Sophie von Hohenberg, though her children remained HSH Prince(sse)s of Hohenberg.

Franz Ferdinand's children were:

Franz Ferdinand alienated many sections of Austro-Hungarian political opinion: Hungarian nationalists opposed his advocacy of universal male suffrage which would undermine Magyar domination in the Hungarian kingdom; both supporters and opponents of the Empire's existing dualist structure were suspicious of his idea for a third Croat-dominated Slav kingdom including Bosnia and Herzegovina as a bulwark against what was perceived in Vienna's Ballhausplatz (Foreign Ministry) as Serbian irredentism; and non-Catholics and anticlericalists were angered by his patronage (April 22, 1900) of the Catholic Schools Association.

Although Franz Ferdinand was seen outside Germany as a leader of the "war party" within Austria-Hungary, this was in fact entirely untrue. In fact, the Archduke was one of the leading advocates of maintaining the peace within the Austro-Hungarian government during both the Bosnian Crisis of 1908-1909 and the Balkan Wars Crises of 1912-1913.

No evidence has been found to support suggestions that his low-security visit to Sarajevo was arranged by elements within Austro-Hungarian official circles with the intention of exposing him to the risk of assassination so as to remove a potentially troublesome royal personage from the scene.

The bullet fired by Gavrilo Princip in the Archduke's assassination, sometimes referred to as "the bullet that started World War I", is stored as a museum exhibit in the Konopiště Castle near the town of Benešov, Czech Republic.

Franz Ferdinand is interred in Schlo Artstetten, Austria. Template:Wikiquote

Preceded by:
Francis V
Archduke of Austria-Este
Succeeded by:
Archduke Charles, later Emperorda:Franz Ferdinand

de:Franz Ferdinand von sterreich-Este es:Franz Ferdinand fr:Franois-Ferdinand d'Autriche he:פרנץ פרדיננד nl:Frans Ferdinand van Oostenrijk ja:フランツ・フェルディナント大公 no:Franz Ferdinand, erkehertug av sterrike pl:Franciszek Ferdynand simple:Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria sl:Franc Ferdinand sr:Франц Фердинанд sv:Franz Ferdinand zh:弗朗茨斐迪南大公


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