For loop

From Academic Kids

In most imperative computer programming languages, a for loop is a control structure which allows code to be executed iteratively. For loops, unlike while loops, are typically used when the number of iterations is known before entering the loop.

Contents

Examples

These for loops will calculate the factorial of a number:

QBasic or Visual Basic

 Dim factorial As Long : factorial = 1
 Dim counter As Integer
 For counter = 1 To 5
   factorial = factorial * counter
 Next
 Print factorial

C or C++

 unsigned long factorial = 1;
 for (unsigned int counter = 1; counter <= 5; counter++)
   factorial *= counter;
 printf("%i", factorial);

Python

 factorial = 1
 for counter in xrange(1, 5):
   factorial *= counter
 print factorial

Java

 long factorial = 1;
 for (int counter = 1; counter <= 5; counter++)
   factorial *= counter;
 System.out.println(factorial);

JavaScript

var factorial = 1;
for (var counter = 1; counter <= 5; counter++)
  factorial *= counter;
document.write(factorial);

Perl

my $factorial = 1;
for ( my $counter = 1; $counter <= 5; $counter++ ) {
    $factorial *= $counter;
}
print $factorial;

A for loop can always be converted into a while loop.

See also

ja:For文

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