Feijoada

From Academic Kids

pt:Feijoada fr:Feijoada de:Feijoada

Feijoada, a traditional Angolan, Brazilian, Portuguese dish among other former Portuguese colonies, is a stew of black beans (in Brazil), white or red beans in Portugal, with a variety of pork and beef products such as salted pork trimmings (ears, tail, feet), pork sausage and bacon, and salted beef (loin and tongue). Angolan and São Tomean feijoadas uses palm oil. Northeastern Portugal includes vegetables and uses red beans, while neighbouring Northwest prefers white beans.

It is pronounced [fe.ʒu.'a.da], using IPA notation.

The dark purplish-brown stew is best prepared over slow fire in a thick clay pot. Traditional side dishes are rice, chopped refried collard greens, lighly roasted coarse cassava flour (called "farofa"), and a peeled whole orange. The dish is often condimented with a few drops of red pepper oil and washed down with a caipirinha.

Feijoada's traditional history in Brazil states that it was a "luxury" dish of African slaves in Brazilian farms, as it was prepared with relatively cheap ingredients (beans, rice, collard greens, farofa) and leftovers from salted pork production. Over time, it first became a popular dish among lower classes, and finally the "national dish", offered even by sophisticated restaurants.

However, this now thought to be very unlikely and most experts now belive that almost certainly it descends (http://www.planetaeducacao.com.br/new/colunas2.asp?id=378) from the french cassoulet, adapted for ingredients available in Brazil and Africa and for Portuguese tastes.

Since it is a rather heavy dish, and one that takes several hours to cook, it is consumed only occasionally, usually at lunch time. Traditionally restaurants in Brazil will offer it as the "day's special" only once or twice a week, usually on Wednesdays, Saturdays, or (most seldom) Sundays. As a traditional holdover from old Catholic dietary restrictions, the special on Friday's specials is more likely to be fish. But you can find specialized restaurants that serve feijoada all the week long.

Compare: Cassoulet, Baked beans.

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