F-100 Super Sabre

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North American F-100 Super Sabre

F-100 Super Sabre
Description
Roleinterceptor fighter, fighter-bomber
Crew1
First Flight25 May 1953
Entered Service1954
ManufacturerNorth American Aviation
Dimensions
Length50 ft15.2 m
Wingspan38 ft 9 in11.8 m
Height16 ft 2.75 in4.9 m
Wing area400 ft²37.2 m²
Weights
Empty21,000 lb9,500 kg
Loaded28,847 lb13,084 kg
Maximum takeoff34,832 lb15,800 kg
Powerplant
EnginePratt & Whitney J57-P-21/21A turbojet
Thrust10,200 lbf dry
16,000 lbf afterburner
45 kN dry
71 kN afterburner
Performance
Maximum speed864 mph1,390 km/h
Combat range1995 miles3,210 km
Ferry rangemileskm
Service ceiling50,000 ft15,000 m
Rate of climb19,000 ft/min5,800 m/min
Wing loading72.1 lb/ft²351.7 kg/m²
Thrust/Weight0.55:1
Avionics
Gun tracking radarAN/APR-25(v)
Radar warning receiverAN/APR-26(v)
Automatic pilotMinneapolis-Honeywell MB-3
Low-altitude bombing systemAN/AJB-1B
Armament
Guns4 × 20 mm M39 cannon
BombsMk 7, Mk 28, Mk 43, Mk 57, or Mk 61 nuclear weapons
Up to 7040 lb (3,190 kg) of conventional bombs
Missiles4 × AIM-9 Sidewinder
GAM-83 Bullpup

The North American F-100 Super Sabre was a jet fighter aircraft that served with the USAF from 1954 to 1971 and with the ANG until 1979. It was the successor to the F-86 Sabre, the first of the century series of US jet fighters, and the first US fighter capable of supersonic speed in level flight.

Development work began in 1949 for a supersonic interceptor, and prototype construction started in 1951, when the company won a contract for 110 aircraft. The first YF-100 prototype flew on May 25, 1953 with a Pratt & Whitney J57 engine, it broke the sound-barrier on its first flight. The YF-100 set a world speed record in October 1953 at 754.99 mph (1,215 km/h). The first aircraft, the F-100A, were delivered in late 1953, and became operational from September 1954. Despite the testing, there were a number of operational crashes that grounded the aircraft from November 1954 until February 1955 when the problem (stability) was identified and solved (larger control surfaces). A related control problem that stemmed from handling characteristics associated with the swept-back wing as the aircraft approached stall speed led to a situation known as the Sabre dance in which the pilot was unable to get the plane back into the flight envelope despite applying full power, usually with disastrous results.

The F-100A was followed by the F-100B (which was redesignated F-107A), the F-100C (1954, 476 built) and the F-100D (1956, 1,274 built) fighter-bombers, with increased wing area, fin and rudder size, six underwing hardpoints, and improved electronics. The F-100D was an unforgiving aircraft, with over 500 lost in accidents by USAF pilots. The final production variant was the F-100F tandem trainer (339 built), first flown in 1956. It was stretched by 3 m to accommodate the second crew.

The Super Sabre, especially the F-100D was widely used in the Vietnam War, but was progressively replaced from 1966 by the F-4 and the F-105. The aircraft served in Vietnam until 1971.

External links

Related content
Related development F-86 Sabre
Similar aircraft MiG-19 - English Electric Lightning - Dassault Super Mystre
Designation series F-97 - F-98 - F-99 - F-100 - F-101 - F-102 - F-103
Related lists List of military aircraft of the United States - List of fighter aircraft


Lists of Aircraft | Aircraft manufacturers | Aircraft engines | Aircraft engine manufacturers

Airports | Airlines | Air forces | Aircraft weapons | Missiles | Timeline of aviation

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