Eye surgery

From Academic Kids

Laser and non-laser surgery

Although the terms Laser Eye Surgery and Refractive Surgery are commonly used as if they were interchangeable, this is not the case. Lasers may be used to treat nonrefractive conditions (e.g. to seal a retinal tear), while radial keratotomy is an example of refractive surgery without the use of a laser.

Types of eye surgeries

  • Cataract Surgery to remove the cloudy human lens which can be replaced with a plastic lens implant
    • Intracapsular cataract extraction (ICCE)
    • Extracapsular cataract extraction (ECCE)
    • YAG laser capsulotomy is used to clear the back implant surface of the cloudy posterior capsule which surrounds the lens implant
  • Glaucoma Surgery to allow escape of excess fluid from the eye to lower intraocular pressure
    • Goniotomy
    • Iridotomy
      • Laser peripheral iridotomy (LPI)
    • Trabeculectomy
    • Trabeculoplasty
      • Laser trabeculoplasty (LTP)
      • Argon laser Trabeculoplasty (ALT)
      • Selective Laser Trabeculoplasty (SLT)
    • Trabeculotomy
  • Refractive surgery aims to correct errors of refraction in the eye, reducing or eliminating the need for corrective lenses
    • Keratomilleusis
    • Automated lamellar keratoplasty (ALK)
    • Laser assisted in-situ keratomileusis (LASIK)
    • Laser assisted sub-epithelial keratomileusis (LASEK), aka Epi-LASIK
    • Photorefractive keratectomy (PRK)
    • Laser thermal keratoplasty (LTK)
    • Conductive keratoplasty (CK)
    • Limbal relaxing incisions (LRI)
    • Anterior ciliary sclerotomy (ACS)
    • Astigmatic keratotomy (AK), aka Arcuate keratotomy or Transverse keratotomy
    • Radial keratotomy (RK)
    • Hexagonal keratotomy (HK)
    • Epikeratophakia
    • Corneal ring segments (Intacs)
    • Implantable contact lenses
    • Scleral expansion bands
  • Corneal Surgery
    • Penetrating keratoplasty (PK), aka Corneal transplant surgery, is used to remove a cloudy/diseased cornea and replace it with a clear donor cornea
    • Phototherapeutic keratectomy (PTK)
    • Pterygium removal
  • Vitreal-Retinal Surgery
    • Vitrectomy
      • Trans pars plana vitrectomy (TPPV)
    • Pan retinal photocoagulation (PRP)
    • Retinal Detachment Repair
      • Scleral Buckle
      • Pneumatic Retinopexy
    • Macular Hole Repair
    • Sclerochoroidectomy
  • Strabismus Surgery
    • Weakening Procedures
      • Recession
      • Tenectomy
      • Tenotomy
    • Stengthening Procedures
      • Resection
    • Transposition Procedures
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