Common bean

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Common bean
Missing image
Phaseolus_vulgaris.jpg



Varieties of the common bean
Scientific classification
Kingdom:Plantae
Division:Magnoliophyta
Class:Magnoliopsida
Order:Fabales
Family:Fabaceae
Subfamily:Faboideae
Tribe:Phaseoleae
Genus:Phaseolus
Species:vulgaris
Binomial name
Phaseolus vulgaris

The common bean is an annual plant widely grown for its edible bean. Many common bean varieties belong to this species, and there are also many terms which apply to all or part of the species depending upon variety and treatment.

The common bean was domesticated independently in ancient Mesoamerica and the Andes. It is now distributed globally.

Varieties grown for the dry bean include the pinto bean, the navy bean (also called pea bean or haricot), the kidney bean and the black turtle bean. The many varieties grown for green beans are referred to as string beans or snap beans and include the wax beans. Both bush and running (pole) varieties exist. The colors and shape of pods and seeds vary tremendously.

As well as being high in protein and dietary fiber, the common bean is an excellent source of iron, potassium, selenium, molybdenum and folate.

Dry beans will keep indefinitely if stored in a cool, dry place, but cooking time will increase as beans age beyond one year.de:Gartenbohne es:Frijol fr:Haricot (Phaseolus vulgaris) nl:Sperzieboon

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