Back to the Future

From Academic Kids

Template:Infobox Movie

Back to the Future is a 1985 film by Robert Zemeckis, written by Robert Zemeckis and Robert Gale, and starring Michael J. Fox. The movie opened on July 3 1985 with artist Drew Struzan creating the film series' distinctive artwork used on movie posters and in other marketing. After the success of the film, its two sequels were filmed together, Back to the Future Part II and Back to the Future Part III, forming a trilogy. Back to the Future grossed USD$210 million dollars at the US box office, making it the highest grossing film of 1985. On December 17 2002 Universal Home Video released Back to the Future: The Complete Trilogy on DVD and VHS. The box sets did very well when released, despite certain framing issues.


Plot synopsis

Marty McFly, a high school student, is invited by his friend Doc Brown, a local scientist, to witness a demonstration of Doc's latest invention, his life's ambition; a time-machine, which has been made from a modified De Lorean sports car. During the test, a group of Libyan terrorists (from whom Doc has stolen the plutonium necessary to fuel the time machine(by buying it from them for "rocket technology, which is in fact merely parts of a pinball machine)), come looking for revenge. The Libyans murder Doc Brown, unloading a barrage of bullets into his chest. Marty flees the Libyans in the De Lorean and inadvertently travels back to the year 1955. It is here that Marty accidentally interferes with the first meeting of his parents George McFly and Lorraine Baines, an act with seismic cosmic significance, as it threatens to jeopardise Marty's own existence. Marty finds himself stranded, not having brought any additional plutonium back with him. Plutonium in 1955, Marty soon finds out, is "a little hard to come by." With the help of the 1955 version of Doc Brown, they find out a way to send Marty back to the future: using a lightning bolt that Marty knows will strike the clock tower at a certain time, they will rig the DeLorean to channel the lightning into the flux capacitor ("what makes time travel possible"), thus sending Marty back to 1985. However, a greater problem has occured: his mother is now infatuated with him, having never met his father. Now Marty must not only put his parents back together, but do it before the lightning hits the clock tower. See also:

Main cast


Missing image
"Doc" Brown (Christopher Lloyd) and Marty McFly (Michael J. Fox) watching the first test of the time machine.

The series was very popular in the 1980s, even making fans out of celebrities like ZZ Top (who appeared in the third film) and President Ronald Reagan, who used the movie's title as a catch phrase in his speeches and considered accepting a role in the third film as the 1885 mayor of Hill Valley. The hip, upbeat soundtrack to the movie by Huey Lewis and the News contributed to its popularity, and the movie's theme song topped the charts for several weeks in 1985.

Production of the film began on November 26, 1984 with actor Eric Stoltz portraying "Marty McFly", because Fox's schedule with Family Ties initially prevented Fox from accepting the role. After filming began, the filmmakers realized that Stoltz was not right for the part. It is believed that they had, at that point, recorded about one third of the completed movie. By that time, Fox's schedule allowed him to sign on. Shooting was completed on April 20, 1985.

Universal Studios executive Sid Sheinberg nearly retitled the film Space Man from Pluto, because he didn't think that anyone would care to see a movie about time travel. Zemeckis contacted Steven Spielberg for help, who wrote Sheinberg a letter. Spielberg's letter thanked Sheinberg for the joke and said that they all really had a good laugh about it, knowing that Sheinberg would be too proud to admit that he was serious. The issue was then dropped and never brought up again.


  • In the Stargate Atlantis episode, Before I Sleep, Major John Sheppard briefly mentions the movie when Dr. Rodney McKay doesn't want to hear about it.
  • A series of tie-in computer games was released for the Amiga computer, to no great acclaim.
  • The nuclear reactor which powers the time machine bears at least passing resemblence to the 1958 Ford Nucleon concept car.
  • One of the episode-screens from Jazz Jackrabbit 2 is a parody of the "Back to the Future" movie-poster.


Doc: If my calculations are correct, when this baby hits 88 MPH, you're going to see some serious shit.

Doc: Marty I'm sorry, but the only thing that can generate 1.21 jigawatts of electricity is a bolt of lightning.

Marty: What did you say?

Doc: A bolt of lightning. Unfortunately you never know where one's going to strike.

Marty: We do now (hands Doc the clock tower flyer).

Doc: This is it! This is the answer! It says here a bolt of lightning will strike the clock tower at precisely 10:04 P.M. next Saturday night! If we could somehow harness this it, into the flux capacitor, it just might work. Next Saturday night, we're sending you back to the future!

External links


Template:Bttfde:Zurück in die Zukunft es:Regreso al futuro eo:Trilogio Back to the Future fr:Retour vers le futur he:בחזרהלעתיד(סרט) it:Ritorno al futuro ja:バック・トゥ・ザ・フューチャー nl:Back to the Future no:Tilbake til fremtiden pl:Powrót do przyszłości pt:De Volta para o Futuro


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