Autauga County, Alabama

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Image:Map of Alabama highlighting Autauga County.png

Location: Alabama,United States
Land Area: 1,566 km²
Population: 43,671

Autauga County, Alabama is a county of the State of Alabama. As of 2000 the population was 43,671. Its county seat is Prattville.

Contents

History

Autauga County was established on November 21, 1818 by an act of Alabama Territorial Legislature (one year before Alabama was admitted as a State). As established, the county included present-day Autauga County, as well as Elmore County and Chilton County. At the time, Autauga Indians lived here, primarily in a village named Atagi (meaning "pure water") situated on the banks of a creek by the same name (called "Pearl Water Creek" by settlers). Autaugas were members of the Alibamu tribe. They sent many warriors to resist Andrew Jackson's invasion in the Creek War. This county was part of the territory ceded by the Creeks in the Treaty of Fort Jackson in 1814. The first county seat was at Jackson's Mill, but the court only met there long enough to select a permanent seat at Washington, built on the former site of Atagi in the southeast corner of the county. In 1830 the county seat was moved to a more central location at Kingston and the town of Washington dwindled until it was completely deserted in the late 1830s.

Daniel Pratt arrived in Autauga County in 1833 and founded the new town of Prattville, north of Atagi on the fall line of Autauga Creek. His cotton gin factory quickly became the largest manufacturer of gins in the world and the first major industry in Alabama. It was at his factory, and with his financial backing, that the Prattville Dragoons, a fighting unit for the Confederacy was organized in anticipation of Civil War. Other units formed in Autauga County included the Autauga Rifles (Autaugaville), The John Steele Guards (western Autauga Co.) and the Varina Rifles (northern Autauga Co.). None of the fighting of the Civil War reached Autauga County and Pratt was able to secure payment of debts from Northern accounts soon after the war, lessening the disabling effects of the Reconstruction period in the county.

Charles Atwood, a former slave belonging to Daniel Pratt bought a house in the center of Prattville immediately after emancipation and was one of the founding investors in Pratt's South and North Railroad. The presence of such a prominant African-American family owning land in an Alabama city as early as the 1860s is exceptional.

In 1866 and 1868 Elmore and Chilton counties were split off from Autauga, and the county seat was moved to the population center of Prattville, where a new courthouse was completed by local builder George L. Smith in 1870. In 1906 a new, larger courthouse was erected in a modified Richardsonian Romanesque style a block north of the older one. The building was designed by Bruce Architectural Co. of Birmingham and built by Dobson & Bynum of Montgomery.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,566 km² (604 mi²). 1,544 km² (596 mi²) of it is land and 22 km² (8 mi²) of it is water. The total area is 1.40% water.

Adjacent counties

Demographics

As of the census2 of 2000, there are 43,671 people, 16,003 households, and 12,354 families residing in the county. The population density is 28/km² (73/mi²). There are 17,662 housing units at an average density of 11/km² (30/mi²). The racial makeup of the county is 80.65% White, 17.11% Black or African American, 0.44% Native American, 0.46% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.38% from other races, and 0.93% from two or more races. 1.40% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There are 16,003 households out of which 39.10% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.30% are married couples living together, 13.10% have a female householder with no husband present, and 22.80% are non-families. 19.90% of all households are made up of individuals and 7.60% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.71 and the average family size is 3.12.

In the county the population is spread out with 28.60% under the age of 18, 8.00% from 18 to 24, 30.70% from 25 to 44, 22.50% from 45 to 64, and 10.20% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 35 years. For every 100 females there are 94.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 90.60 males.

The median income for a household in the county is $42,013, and the median income for a family is $48,458. Males have a median income of $35,168 versus $22,859 for females. The per capita income for the county is $18,518. 10.90% of the population and 8.20% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 13.60% of those under the age of 18 and 14.40% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.

Cities and towns

External links


Flag of Alabama

State of Alabama

Capital:

Montgomery

Largest Metro:

Birmingham-Hoover-Cullman Metropolitan Area

Regions:

Greater Birmingham | Central Alabama | Lower Alabama | Mobile Bay | North Alabama | South Alabama

Largest cities:

Birmingham | Huntsville | Mobile | Montgomery

Major cities:

Alabaster | Albertville | Alexander City | Anniston | Athens | Auburn | Bessemer | Daphne | Decatur | Dothan | Enterprise | Florence | Gadsden | Homewood | Hoover | Tuscaloosa | Vestavia Hills

All cities:

List of cities in Alabama

Counties:

Autauga | Baldwin | Barbour | Bibb | Blount | Bullock | Butler | Calhoun | Chambers | Cherokee | Chilton | Choctaw | Clarke | Clay | Cleburne | Coffee | Colbert | Conecuh | Coosa | Covington | Crenshaw | Cullman | Dale | Dallas | DeKalb | Elmore | Escambia | Etowah | Fayette | Franklin | Geneva | Greene | Hale | Henry | Houston | Jackson | Jefferson | Lamar | Lauderdale | Lawrence | Lee | Limestone | Lowndes | Macon | Madison | Marengo | Marion | Marshall | Mobile | Monroe | Montgomery | Morgan | Perry | Pickens | Pike | Randolph | Russell | Shelby | St. Clair | Sumter | Talladega | Tallapoosa | Tuscaloosa | Walker | Washington | Wilcox | Winston

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