Ahmedabad

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Ahmedabad
Sidi Sayid Mosque, Ahmedabad
Sidi Sayid Mosque, Ahmedabad.
Classification Metropolitan City
Country India
State Gujarat
Languages English, Hindi, Gujarati and others
Time zone UTC +5:30
Area 8,707 km2
Population
Total 4970200
Density
551 per km2
Literacy Rate 73.10%
Latitude 23.03°N
Longitude 72.58°E
Altitude 55 m
Temperature
Summer 45°C-29°C
Winter 36°C-10°C
Rainfall 932 mm
Best Season for travel to Ahmedabad
Jan-28°C Feb-32°C Early Mar-35°C Oct-35°C Nov-32°C Dec-30°C

Ahmedabad or Ahmadābād or Amdavad (as spoken in Gujarati language), is the largest city in Gujarat and the sixth largest city in India. It has about 4 million residents. The city is also sometimes called Karnavati. Ahmedabad is the administrative center of Ahmedabad District, and was the first capital of Gujarat state from 1960 to 1970.

The city was founded in the 15th century by Sultan Ahmed Shah on the Sabarmati river, and served as capital of the Sultanate of Gujarat. The historic center of Ahmedabad is presently a thriving business district. Ahmedabad is mainly divided in two parts, the old city, and new city. The old city has developed rather haphazardly, and most of the roads are narrow and crowded during business hours. While, the new city has well-structured, wide roads. A wide variety of shops and businesses exist in the city.

In addition to its role as a commercial center, Ahmedabad is also an important industrial center, with chemical and textile industries. Ahmedabad is often described as the Manchester of the East, because of its once-booming textile industry.

The climate is warm and dry.

Contents

History of Ahmedabad

The history of Ahmedabad begins in the eleventh century with the Solanki King Karandev I, ruler of Anhilwara (modern Patan). He waged a war against the Bhil King Ashapall or Ashaval, and after his victory established a city called Karnavati on the banks of the Sabarmati at site of modern Ahmedabad. Solanki rule lasted until the thirteenth century, when Gujarat came under the control of the Vaghela dynasty of Dwarka. Gujarat was conquered by the Sultanate of Delhi at the end of the thirteenth century. At the beginning of the fifteenth century an independent sultanate ruled by the Muslim Muzaffarid dynasty was established in Gujarat, and in 1411 Sultan Ahmed Shah renamed Karnavati Ahmedabad and established it as his capital. Ahmedabad was the capital of the sultanate for 162 years (1411-1573).

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Historic_Section_Ahmedabad.jpg
A "pol" in Ahmedabad

This city was originally built on the banks of the river Sabarmati, but it has expanded since. In 1487 Mohammed Begdo, the grandson of Ahmed Shah, enclosed the city with a fort of six miles in circumference and consisting of 12 gates, 189 bastions and over 6000 battlements to protect it from outside invaders. Conditions in the city were chaotic by the time of the last Sultan, Muzaffar III, and Gujarat was conquered by the Mughal emperor Akbar in 1573. During the Mughal reign, Ahmedabad became one of the empire's thriving centres of trade, especially in textiles, which were exported as far as Europe. A famine in 1630 devastated the city. In 1753, the armies of the Maratha generals Raghunath Rao and Damaji Gaekwad captured the city and ended Mughal rule in Ahmedabad. The famine of 1630 and the rule of the Peshwa and the Gaekwad virtually destroyed the city. The British East India Company took over the city in 1818. A military cantonment was established in 1824, a municipal government in 1858, and a railway link between Ahmedabad and Bombay (Mumbai) in 1864. Ahmedabad grew rapidly, becoming an important center of trade and textile manufacturing.

In 1915, Mahatma Gandhi came from South Africa and established an ashram on the banks of Sabarmati. He started the salt satyagraha in 1930. He and many followers marched from his ashram to the coastal village of Dandi, to protest against the British imposing a tax on salt. Before he left the ashram, he vowed not to return to the ashram until India became independent.

For a detailed chronology of Ahmedabad's history, see History of Ahmedabad.

Places of Interest

The places of interest in Ahmedabad include the Kankaria Lake, Law Garden, Jama Masjid, Sidi Saiyad's Mosque, Rani ni Vav (http://www.1upindia.com/monuments/rani.html), Adalaj Stepwell, Sidi Bashirs mosque(Shaking minarets), Bhadra Fort and Teen Darwaja, Sabarmati Ashram, Shahi Bag, Hussain-Doshi's Gufa, and the IMAX theater.

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Schacht_Adalaj_Stepwell.jpg
Adalaj Stepwell

Kankaria is an artificial lake, developed by Qutub-Ud-Din in 1451. It also has an aquarium and zoo. In the middle of the lake is a island palace, built during the Mughal period. It is now a local picnic spot. A new lake has also been opened recently in Vastrapur area, and it is expected to get lots of visitors.

Gandhiji's Sabarmati Ashram is situated on banks of river Sabarmati River.

Law Garden is a local recreational spot for the people of Ahmedabad. It has a special area for children. Also, in the evening you will find a market for traditional Gujarati dresses worn during various festivals, especially Navratri.

The famous Indian Institute of Management is located here. This institute has been rated as the best in Asia by Asiaweek in 2002 and one of the best in the world. Another famous institute, National Institute of Design is India's best design-education institute. Moreover, Ahmedabad hosts Centre for Environmental Planning and Technology - a reputed urban and regional planning, architecture and engineering education institute, Gujarat University, Nirma University, Dhirubhai Ambani Institute of Information and Communication Technology (DA-IICT), Gandhi Labour Institute, SPIPA, MICA, etc. Apart from the great educational institutions, centers of national importance such as the Indian Space Research Organization, Physical Research Laboratory, Nehru Foundation - CEE, etc also have their establishments in the city.

ISCON temple on Sarkhej-Gandhinagar highway draws many visitors. It is a newly built huge structure with gardens around it. Krishna devotees perform puja at designated hours and the Maha Aarti in the evening is attended by thousands of devotees as well as visitors.

The city has many multiplex theatres. The C.G. Road is a commercially popular road in the city with many good hang-out places. The Sarkhej Gandhinagar highway has also become a popular destination these days with new shops, restaurants, clubs and multiplexes being developed there.

The Darpana Academy of Performing Arts (http://www.darpana.com/) is a must see for all art lovers or people interested in dance, music, theatre, and new media.

Main Monuments

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Jama_Masjid_Moschee.jpg
Jama Masjid
  • Great mosque (Jami Masjid) built in 1424
  • Sidi Saiyad Mosque with its fine stone carving windows
  • Sarkhej (Muslim mausoleum and mosque)
  • Huthising Temple (a Jain temple dedicated Dharmanath, the 15th Jain Tirtankra). It is surrounded by 15 smaller temples.
  • Rani ni Vav (Step-Well of the Queen) situated in Patan, Gujarat.
  • Swami Narayan Temple (Hindu temple)
  • Stone carving well (Dada Hari), exceptional monument
  • Textile museum (Calico Museum), one of the most beautiful of the world
  • Ashram of Mahatma Gandhi, today a museum Sabarmati Ashram.
  • Vaishno Devi Temple, a recently built temple on Gandhinagar highway.

Transportation

  • Domestic and International Airport: Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel International Airport
  • Ahmedabad is well connected with rails and roads. The Ahmedabad railway station holds as a junction with railway lines emerging towards Mumbai, Delhi, Saurashtra and Kutch.
  • As far as roads is concerned, Ahmedabad is an important station on the National Highway 8 which connects Delhi to Mumbai. The recent completion of the 6-laned Express Highway from Ahmedabad to Baroda, part of the Golden Quadrilateral Project, has boosted trade between the two industrial hubs by reducing transportation time by several notches.

Ahmedabad District

Ahmedabad district is surrounded by Mehsana, Sabarkantha, and Gandhinagar districts to the north, Kheda district to the east, the Gulf of Cambay and Bhavnagar district to the south, and Surendranagar district to the west.

Miscellaneous

Emergency Information

  • Police - 100
  • Fire - 101
  • Ambulance - 102
  • Airport Inquiry - 141 (Website (http://www.airportsindia.org.in/aai/ahmd_airpo_GI.htm))
  • Railways I.V.R.S. - 133
  • Railways General Enquiry - 131
  • Telephone Directory Inquiry - 197
  • Telephone Local Assistance - 199

Radio Stations

External links

Template:Metropolitan Cities of India Template:Gujarat Districtsda:Ahmadabad de:Ahmedabad eo:Ahmadabado fr:Ahmedabad gl:Ahmedabad - અમદાવાદ gu:અમદાવાદ hi:अहमदाबाद nl:Ahmedabad pl:Ahmadabad pt:Ahmedabad ro:Ahmedabad sv:Ahmedabad

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