Mazurek Dabrowskiego

From Academic Kids

Mazurek Dąbrowskiego (Dąbrowski's Mazurka) is the Polish national anthem written by Jzef Wybicki in 1797.

At first called the 'Song of the Polish Legions in Italy' (Pieśń Legionw Polskich we Włoszech), it also has the informal name Jeszcze Polska nie zginęła, from its first line, which is sometimes erroneously taken to be the Polish state motto.

The song gained much popularity in Poland and became one of the most popular hymns during the November Uprising of 1830 and January Uprising of 1863. During the Revolutions of 1848 it became popular throughout Europe as one of the revolutionary anthems in Berlin, Vienna, Prague and Paris. This led Slovak poet Samuel Tomašik to write the anthem, Hey, Slavs, based on the melody of Mazurek Dąbrowskiego, later accepted by the First Congress of the Pan-Slavic Movement in Prague as the Pan-Slavic Anthem. During the Second World War the translation of this anthem became the national anthem of Yugoslavia. Other famous versions of the anthem include Shumi Maritsa, the national anthem of Bulgaria between 1886 and 1944.

Contents

Music

Lyrics


Mazurek Dąbrowskiego
Jeszcze Polska nie zginęła, Poland has not yet perished,
Pki my żyjemy. as long as we live.
Co nam obca przemoc wzięła, Whatever foreign force took from us,
Szablą odbierzemy. we'll retake by sabre.
Marsz, marsz, Dąbrowski, March, March, Dąbrowski,
Z ziemi włoskiej do Polski, from Italian land to Poland.
Za twoim przewodem Under your lead,
Złączym się z narodem. we'll unite with the nation.
Przejdziem Wisłę, przejdziem Wartę, We'll cross Vistula, we'll cross Warta,
Będziem Polakami, We'll be Polish people.
Dał nam przykład Bonaparte, Bonaparte showed us an example
Jak zwyciężać mamy. how we should win.
Marsz, marsz, Dąbrowski... March, March, Dabrowski...
Jak Czarniecki do Poznania Like Czarniecki to Poznań,
Po szwedzkim zaborze, after Swedish occupation,
Dla ojczyzny ratowania To save fatherland,
Wrcił się przez morze. returned across the sea.
Marsz, marsz, Dąbrowski... March, March, Dabrowski...
Już tam ojciec do swej Basi And over there, a father tells his Basia,
Mwi zapłakany: crying:
"Słuchaj jeno, pono nasi "Listen, it sounds like ours
Biją w tarabany." are drumming the military drums."
Marsz, marsz, Dąbrowski... March, March, Dabrowski...

The original lyrics of Mazurek Dabrowskiego, written by Jzef Wybicki included also two stanzas more. They are not present in the official lyrics of the anthem:

Niemiec, Moskal nie osiędzie, German, Russian won't settle down
Gdy jąwszy pałasza When we'll take our armour
Hasłem wszystkich zgoda będzie Our keynote will agreement
I Ojczyzna nasza and our Fatherland be
Marsz, marsz, Dąbrowski... March, March, Dabrowski...
Na to wszystkich jedne głosy And so, all voices sing in unison
Dosyć tej niewoli! Enough! This slavery must end!
Mamy Racławickie kosy We have scythes of Racławice
Kościuszkę, Bg pozwoli. and Kościuszko, so our God will allow.
Marsz, marsz, Dąbrowski... March, March, Dabrowski...


Notes and historical context

See also Partitioned Poland
  • Dąbrowski - Henryk Dąbrowski, one of the leaders of the Polish Legions, he was not, however, the author of this anthem.
  • Poland has not yet perished as long as we live - i.e. Poland is not just a country, but something constituted by all Polish people (Poland had been split up and divided between its neighbours in the 25 years preceding the writing of these verses - see Partitions of Poland). While this may not seem a strange idea nowadays, it was quite an unusual one at the time of writing.
  • sabre - the traditional weapon of the Polish cavalry, still used in the Napoleonic era.
  • Czarniecki - Stefan Czarniecki, one of the leaders of the Polish war against Swedish occupation.
  • across the sea - after the liberation of Poland, Czarnecki fought in Denmark.
  • Italian land, Bonaparte - the Polish Legions were created by Napoleon Bonaparte in Italy. The Legionists believed that they would ultimately fight for the independence of Poland, which remained occupied at that time.
  • Basia - a popular Polish name (a diminutive of Barbara).

External links

cs:Polsk hymna de:Mazurek Dąbrowskiego es:Mazurek Dąbrowskiego fr:Mazurek Dąbrowskiego lt:Lenkijos himnas hu:Lengyel himnusz nl:Mazurek Dabrowskiego ja:ポーランドの国歌 pl:Hymn Polski pt:Hino nacional da Polnia ro:Mazurek Dabrowskiego sl:Mazurka Dombrovskega fi:Mazurek Dabrowskiego sv:Mazurek Dabrowskiego

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