George Cruikshank

From Academic Kids

George Cruikshank (September 27, 1792February 1, 1878) was an English artist and caricaturist, well-known for his satirical illustrations of contemporary figures and events.


When Gillray, a major influence, died in 1815, George Cruikshank had replaced him as a satirist. For a generation he delineated Tories, Whigs and Radicals impartially. Satirical material came to him from every public event -- wars abroad, the enemies of Britain (he was highly patriotic), the frolic, among other qualities, such as the weird and terrible, in which he excelled, and tracts; the best known of these are The Bottle, 8 plates (1847), with its sequel, The Drunkard's Children, 8 plates (:848), with the ambitious work, The Worship of Bacchus, published by subscription after the artist's oil painting, now in the National Gallery, London, to which it was presented by his numerous admirers.

See Cruikshank's Water-Colours, with introduction by Joseph Grego (London, 1903).

His work included a personification of the United Kingdom named John Bull who was developed from about 1790 in conjunction with other British satirical artists such as James Gillray, and Thomas Rowlandson.


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