Conformity (psychology)

From Academic Kids

In psychology, conformity is the degree to which members of a group will change their behavior, views and attitudes to fit the views of the group. The group can influence members via unconscious processes or via overt social pressure on individuals.

Contents

Famous experiments in conformity

Subtypes

Herbert Kelman identified three subtypes of conformity:

  • compliance - conforming only publicly, but keeping one's own views in private
  • identification - conforming while a group member, publicly and privately, but not after leaving the group
  • internalization - comforming publicly and privately, during and after group membership

Sociologists believe that

  • compliance is conformity that is usually a result of a direct order,
  • while internalization is conformity that comes from one's total and utter belief in his act.

See also

groupthink, mimetism, peer pressure

References

  • Kelman, H. (1958). Compliance, identification, and internalization: three processes of attitude change. Journal of Conflict Resolution, 2, 31-60.

External links

pl:Konformizm

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